Mental illness in the 1950s essay

Schizophrenia is a long-term mental health condition that causes a range of different psychological symptoms which is caused by a mixture of genetic and environmental factors such as changes in the brain chemicals and stressful life experiences such as: Antipsychotic drug regimens for schizophrenia are used in order to limit the frequency and severity of relapses, maximise the beneficial effects of treatment for persistent symptoms and enhance adherence to recommend regimens.

Mental illness in the 1950s essay

Chronic fatigue syndrome Anxiety Some of these conditions are still considered mental health conditions. Women had few, or no, rights, and disobedience was often met with severe punishment.

A woman in a modern facility might also have the opportunity to weigh in on the therapies she does, or does not, accept, and she might be allowed to leave as soon as she feels at least somewhat recovered.

In addition, some of these facilities had terrible procedural rules that allowed people with illnesses to be treated in ways that were unspeakably cruel. In the s, a woman in Boston, Dorothea Dix, began to research conditions in traditional mental health institutions.

In a piece she wrote to the General Assembly of North Carolina, she outlines cases in which the mentally ill were chained to their beds, kept in filthy conditions and even abused.

She begins her report with this series of sentences: Some thought a person with a mental disorder may be possessed by demons, thus prescribing exorcism as a form of treatment. During the 5th century BC, Greek physician Hippocrates, however, believed that mental illness was physiologically affiliated.

As a result, his methods involved a change in environment, living conditions, or occupations. The first facility specifically for mental health is established in Spain.

Advocacy for mentally ill persons occurred in France. Phillipe Pinel, displeased with living conditions in hospitals for those with mental disorders, orders a change of environment.

Patients are given outside time as well as more pleasant surroundings like sunny rooms.

Illness in the 1840s

He forbids the use of shackles or chains as restraints. Dorothea Dix fights for better living conditions for the mentally ill. For over 30 years she lobbies for better care and finally gets the government to fund the building of 32 state psychiatric facilities.

German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin studies mental illness and begins to draw distinctions between different disorders. His notes on the differences between manic-depressive disorder and schizophrenia are still used today.

A Feminine Example

Using psychoanalytical theories, Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung treat their patients for mental illness. Many of the theories they employed are still discussed today and used as a basis for the study of psychology.

A Mind That Found Itself, a book by Clifford Beers, prompts discussion on how mentally ill people are treated in institutions. His ideas begin the roots of the National Mental Health Association. This early period of the 20th century marked a big movement in advocacy and care standards for mental health care.

A wave of deinstitutionalization begins, moving patients from psychiatric hospitals to outpatient or less restrictive residential settings. Institutionalization was often thought of as the best method of treatment but overstaffing and poor living conditions prompted a push to outpatient care.

In fact, over a year period the number of institutionalized patients dropped fromin the s toin A new generation of prescription antipsychotic drugs emerge, as well as new technology in the medical field. This made it so insurers who did provide mental health coverage could not put limitations on benefits that are not equal to limits on other medical care coverage.

Wider Outrage in the s Placing the mentally ill in facilities allowed members of the general public to ignore the problem. The people just seemed to disappear. Much of that changed in the late s, due to the work of a writer named Nelly Bly.

She agreed to pose as a mentally ill woman on an assignment for a local newspaper, and she documented everything that happened to her in a series of articles, which were later turned into a book.

Bly was a wonderful writer, and her descriptions were hard to ignore.History of Mental Health Treatment Mental illness isn’t a uniquely modern phenomenon.

The genetic influences that stand behind some types of mental illnesses, along with the physical and chemical assaults that can spark illnesses in some people, have always been part of human life.

Mental Health And Community Care Report. Print Reference (community care) since the early s will be discussed. Recommendations shall be made regarding, especially, how the mental health system (including community care) could be improved. In the pre-medieval period people believed that mental illness was a result of the possession.

Mental illness is any disease or condition that influences the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, and/or relates to others and to his or her surroundings. Although the symptoms of mental illness can range from mild to severe and are different depending on the type of mental illness, a person with.

I only thought people with schizophrenia had mental illness and knew very little about anxiety and depression, or even how common it was. The counseling I received through the university was done. In the s, treatment of mental illness was at its highest peak, and at its most dangerous point.

Mental illness in the 1950s essay

Because of the new discoveries as to treat the mentally ill in thes, dangerous medicines and operations were used on people without much research/5(4). In , the Mental Health Study Act was passed, leading to the establishment of the Joint Commission on Mental Illness and Health, which prepared a survey and made recommendations for a national program to improve methods and facilities for the diagnosis, treatment, and care of the mentally ill and to promote mental health.

Mental Illness in the 's & 's by Sallie Hollingshead on Prezi