The Middle Ages Date: They were the German barbarians, or Teutonic tribes, who swept across the Rhine and the Danube into the empire. There they accepted Christianity. The union of barbarian vigor and religious spirit carried Europe to the threshold of modern times.
A legacy of ancient times Modern technology has greatly enhanced an age-old craft. Although an exact date for the discovery of the first brew is not known, perhaps it occurred 10, years ago or more when a jar containing bread became soaked with water and the resulting slop began to ferment.
Someone then had the curiosity to sample the resulting liquid and found it good. Whenever the first beer may have been sipped, Sumerian cuneiform tablets and Egyptian hieroglyphics dating back more than years allude to its production. Initially, brewing was, for the most part, a household project carried out by women.
The well-known legal code drawn up by the Babylonian King Hammurabi nearly years ago forbade brewers from diluting their beer and also put a ceiling on the price they could charge for it. An Egyptian papyrus dating to B. Rameses III took pride in consecrating to the gods more thanjars of beer.
Among the funeral banquet relics dating to about B. Preparation of beer in ancient times was similar to brewing procedures used today See also Tapping Chemistry: First, a grain, typically barley or emmer an early type of wheatwas malted.
The grain was dampened with water and allowed to germinate. Natural enzymes converted some of the starches into fermentable sugars and the resulting malt was heated to dry it.
Frequently, the dried malt was formed into small, lightly baked loaves. When a batch of fresh beer was to be brewed, these beer breads would be crumbled, mixed with cereals, and soaked in water. Laborers and peasants often used hollow reeds to suck the liquid out of unfiltered mash.
Just how this concoction tasted can only be surmised. It likely had little resemblance to the refreshing beverage found today in a tavern mug or six-pack. It probably had some sweetness from unfermented sugars, but was frequently flavored with herbs, spices, dates or other fruits, or mixed with mead, a beverage fermented from honey.
The Sumerians made about 20 different types of beer; the Egyptians at least 6. Ancient texts reveal the lyrical names given to the beverages: The Greeks and Romans, however, lived in a climate where grape vines flourished, and wine was the beverage of choice for them.
Many Greeks, in fact, considered beer a drink only for barbarians. According to Greek myth, Dionysus, god of wine, fled Mesopotamia in disgust when he saw that the people there preferred beer.
Winemaking, too, can be traced to prehistoric times and was widely practiced in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Date wine, in particular, was very popular in the Near East. After the fall of Rome, brewing continued as a household task during the Dark Ages.
The traditions of brewing were carried on and thrived under the Catholic Church. Nearly every major monastery in medieval Europe contained a brewery that served not only the monks but also pilgrims and the surrounding villages perhaps as an inducement for attending mass.
One large monastery in Switzerland had three breweries, each adjacent to a bakery.Beasts and Birds of the Middle Ages: The Bestiary and Its Legacy (The Middle Ages Series) [Willene B.
Clark, Meredith T. McMunn] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The medieval bestiary, or moralized book of beasts, has enjoyed immense popularity over the centuries and it continues to influence both literature and .
During the Middle Ages, making elixirs of life or fruit brandies was the responsibility of apothecaries and doctors. Because fruit brandies (aqua vitae), as its Latin name suggests, was a drug widely used in Arabo-Persian medicine, and then spread across the Mediterranean.
legacy of the middle ages - Free download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.
Search Search. William the Conqueror: King from I. On the death of Edward the Confessor the throne of England was claimed by William, Duke of Normandy. When Edward took refuge in Normandy after the Danes conquered England, he stayed at the palace of William.
The Black Death: The History and Legacy of the Middle Ages' Deadliest Plague Charles River Editors *Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the plague written by survivors across Europe *Includes a bibliography for further reading The trend of recent research is pointing to a figure more like % of the European population dying during a four-year period.
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