New York, New York African American tennis player and activist Arthur Ashe was the first African American player to compete in the international sport of tennis at the highest level of the game. After an early retirement from sports due to heart surgery, Ashe used his sportsman profile and legendary poise to promote human rights, education, and public health. Early years Arthur Robert Ashe Jr.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. He had a brother, Johnnie, who was five years younger than him. Ashe started playing tennis at 7 years of age and began practicing on the courts where his natural talent was spotted by Virginia Union University student and part-time Brookfield tennis instructor, Ron Charity, who as the best black tennis player in Richmond at the time, began to teach Ashe the basic strokes and encouraged him to enter local tournaments.
Ashe attended Maggie L. Walker High School where he continued to practice tennis. Ashe was coached and mentored by Johnson at his tennis summer camp home in Lynchburg, Virginia from when Ashe was age 10, until It was also his first integrated tennis competition.
He accepted an offer from Richard Hudlin, a year-old St. Louis teacher, tennis coach and friend of Dr. Johnson, to move to St.
Louis and spend his senior year attending Sumner High School where he could compete more freely.
Ashe was able to practice at the National Guard Armory indoor courts and inafter lobbying by Dr. Johnson, he was granted permission to compete in the previously segregated U.
Interscholastic tournament and won it for the school. In December and again inAshe was featured in Sports Illustratedappearing in their Faces in the Crowd segment. Morgan and practiced regularly with his sporting idol, Pancho Gonzaleswho lived nearby and helped hone his game.
Ashe was also a member of the ROTC which required him to join active military service after graduation in exchange for money for tuition. He was active in other things, joining the Upsilon chapter of the Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity on campus.
Ashe completed his basic training in Washington and was later commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Adjutant General Corps.
He was promoted to 1st lieutenant on February 23,and was discharged from the Army in In andAshe reached the final of the Australian Championship but lost on both occasions to Roy Emerson.
He won the United States Amateur Championships against Davis Cup Teammate Bob Lutz, and the first US Open of the open erabecoming the first black male to capture the title and the only player to have won both the amateur and open national championships in the same year.
His only loss in the 12 Davis Cup tournament singles matches he played that year, was in the last dead rubber game after the U. S team had already clinched victory. The season closed with Ashe the winner of 10 of 22 tournaments with a win-loss match record. In Septemberthe U.
Davis Cup team retained the cup, beating Romania in the final challenge round, with Ashe winning both his singles matches. The same year, Ashe applied for a visa to play in the South African Open but was denied the visa by the South African government who enforced a strict apartheid policy of racial segregation.
He continued to apply for visas in the following years and the country continued to deny him one. In protest, he used this example of discrimination to campaign for U.Arthur Ashe was a professional tennis player, and the first black man ever to win singles title at at Wimbledon, the US Open, and the Australian Open.
This biography provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements & rutadeltambor.com Of Birth: Richmond. Famous black and African-American figures from the past and present.
Here are biographies for some of the many historical and modern people celebrated during Black History Month. Arthur Robert Ashe Jr. (July 10, – February 6, ) was an American professional tennis player who won three Grand Slam titles. Ashe was the first black player selected to the United States Davis Cup team and the only black man ever to win the singles title at Wimbledon, the US Open, and the Australian rutadeltambor.com retired in He was ranked World No.
1 by Harry Hopman in and by. Arthur Robert Ashe Jr. was born on July 10, , near Richmond, Virginia, in one of the local hospitals that cared for black citizens. The hospitals in much of the U.S. were not integrated; segregation was the rule for medical care.
Integrated schools were also unheard of in the South, so Ashe. Arthur Ashe is the first African American to win the men's singles at Wimbledon and the U.S.
Open, and the first African-American man to be ranked No. 1 in the world. Born on July 10, , in. Arthur Robert Ashe Jr. was born in July in Richmond, Virginia. Ashe spent his childhood with his mother at home who taught him to read at an early age.
His father was a caretaker for a park in the suburban North Richmond with four tennis courts, a pool and three baseball diamonds and it was here the Ashe development his love for tennis.