Students are placed in intensive beginning or intermediate classes based on in-country evaluation, including written and oral proficiency testing. Choose between the following two courses: Projects may include proposals for a sustainable business, regulatory mechanisms for financial control and ethical account reporting, or approaches to tax evasion or debt forgiveness. Regular reflection and assessment meetings are held with the academic director to review the progress of the ISPF.
Case Studies Starting a Business: Transparency of information at business registries Governments and civil society have come together in recent years to increase the transparency of business information.
These changes have been made in the wake of a series of revelations—such as the Panama papers and the Bahamas leaks—that showed the extent to which individuals take advantage of obscure company ownership structures to illicitly move money around the globe.
Private sector participation in construction This year Doing Business deals with private sector participation in construction regulation. Involving private sector engineers or firms in construction regulation is a trend that has been gaining traction in economies around the world.
Some form of private sector participation in construction regulation is employed in 93 of the economies covered by Doing Business. Using information to curb corruption Registered property rights are necessary to support investment, productivity and growth.
Registering property indicator examines the steps, time and cost involved in registering property. In addition, the topic also measures the quality of the land administration system in each economy.
Transparency is a key element of the quality of land administration systems. It increases the efficiency of the real estate market and eliminates asymmetrical information between users and officials with respect to services provided by the land administration.
InTransparency International reported that one in five users of land services globally claimed to have paid a bribe for services such as registering a land title or obtaining updated property ownership information.
Lack of transparency can also lead to land record fraud or alteration, land document forgery and multiple allocations of the same plot of land Transparency is one of the most important tools for combating corruption—it is the basic pillar of enhancing the quality of land administration.
Transparent systems strengthen public confidence in governments and facilitate substantial reductions in the cost of doing business. As a component of its registering property indicator set, Doing Business has measured the transparency of land administration systems for the past four years.
This research has focused on whether information concerning the ownership and physical location of a property is public, whether essential information on the property transfer process is made accessible, if there is an independent and specific complaint mechanism to respond to issues raised by land registry users and whether statistics on property transfers in the largest business city of an economy are published.
The challenges of successfully implementing insolvency reforms Doing Business tracks insolvency reforms across economies. Since Doing Businesseconomies have introduced changes aimed at facilitating the efficient resolution of corporate insolvency.
Since then, the most common type of reform recorded by the indicators has been the introduction of or improvements to reorganization procedures.
Many factors, however, can make it challenging to implement insolvency reforms. This case study uses the specific examples of France, Slovenia and Thailand to illustrate successful insolvency reforms that can inspire similar efforts elsewhere.
These countries introduced and improved restructuring procedures and business reorganization has become an increasingly utilized option for viable firms in financial distress. Factors affecting the reliability of electricity supply This case study focuses on 4 lower middle income economies with varying levels of electricity supply reliability: Guatemala and Indonesia are examples of economies with reliable electricity supply in the main business cities; Cameroon and Pakistan are examples of economies providing an unreliable supply for customers.
By comparing different aspects of their energy sectors, it highlights some key elements and actors that drive, or prevent, a reliable energy supply. Third-party involvement in company formation Formalization has many benefits.Practicing International Management Case (Banking on Forgiveness) The World Bank and the IMF had once argued that the leniency of debt forgiveness would make it more difficult for the lenders themselves to borrow cheaply on the world's capital markets.
Banking on Forgiveness Please read the International Management Case, Banking On Forgiveness, on p in the text, and answer the corresponding questions (1 and 2) on p 1.
In negotiating the HIPC Debt Initiative, the World Bank and the IMF worked closely together. CASE STUDY: Banking on Forgiveness When James Wolfensohn became head of the World Bank, he bluntly admitted the bank had "screwed up" in Africa.
Baskin & Enright evaluated case studies the early 's, which suggested that people, who are dealing with disturbing pain, could attain closure with forgiveness.
Next they talk about the three inventions models, which involve a study of various units in each model. Banking on Forgiveness Please read the International Management Case, Banking On Forgiveness, on p in the text, and answer the corresponding questions (1 and 2) on p Chapter 5 explores self-forgiveness.
The notion of self-forgiveness — which many consider to be deeply suspect as if by a simple fiat one can forgive oneself for some past wrongdoing — can be illuminated by thinking of it in terms of the ways in which we engage in narrative thinking about our future.
Self-forgiveness is shown to be not only coherent, but also something that is often needed.