Where it is feasible, a syllabus headnote will be released, as is being done in connection with this case, at the time the opinion is issued. The syllabus constitutes no part of the opinion of the Court but has been prepared by the Reporter of Decisions for the convenience of the reader. See United States v.
March 1, DOI: Accurate measurement of pregnancy intentions is important in understanding fertility-related behaviors, forecasting fertility, estimating unmet need for contraception, understanding the impact of pregnancy intentions on maternal and child health, designing family planning programs and evaluating their effectiveness, and creating and evaluating community-based programs that prevent unintended pregnancy.
Developing a more complete understanding of pregnancy intentions should advance efforts to increase contraceptive use, to prevent unintended pregnancies and to improve the health of women and their children.
To provide a scientific foundation for public health efforts to prevent unintended pregnancy, we conducted a review of unintended pregnancy between the fall of and the spring of as part of strategic planning activities within the Division of Reproductive Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC.
We reviewed the published and unpublished literature, consulted with experts in reproductive health and held several joint meetings with the Demographic and Behavioral Research Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and the Office of Population Affairs of the Department of Health and Human Services.
We used standard scientific search engines, such as Medline, to find relevant articles published sinceand identified older references from bibliographies contained in recent articles; academic experts and federal officials helped to identify unpublished reports.
This comment summarizes our findings and incorporates insights gained from the joint meetings and the strategic planning process.
In contrast, pregnancies are described as intended if they are reported to have happened at the "right time" 4 or later than desired because of infertility or difficulties in conceiving.
A concept related to unintended pregnancy is unplanned pregnancy—one that occurred when the woman used a contraceptive method or when she did not desire to become pregnant but did not use a method. Intentions are often measured or reported only for pregnancies ending in live births; pregnancies ending in abortion are generally assumed to have been unintended.
All of these definitions assume that pregnancy is a conscious decision. The development of terms related to unintended pregnancy and their measurement can be traced back to the initial population-based surveys of fertility behaviors and intentions, beginning with the Indianapolis Study in However, surveys that measure pregnancy intentions do not use the term "unintended" in their questions, and the extent of mistiming i.
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|The Measurement and Meaning of Unintended Pregnancy | Guttmacher Institute||Indeed, inmates are six times more likely to get off death row by appeals than by execution. And, in fact, many of those cases were overturned based on post conviction new laws, established by legislative or judicial decisions in other cases.|
Women who carry an unwanted pregnancy to term are more likely to smoke, receive delayed prenatal care and have low-birth-weight infants than are those carrying a mistimed pregnancy to term. In countries where abortion is illegal and unsafe, unintended pregnancy is a major contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality.
Abortion is estimated to have causedof thedeaths resulting from unintended pregnancy worldwide between January and December Furthermore, intentions to avoid pregnancy often do not translate into contraceptive use: Almost half of pregnancies reported as unintended occur among women who were not using a contraceptive method.
Similar discrepant results have been found among British women. First, planning or intending to become pregnant may be distinct from want- ing to be pregnant.
Second, the concept of planning a pregnancy may not be meaningful to some women. Third, ambivalence about avoiding pregnancy may be expressed in imperfect contraceptive use.
Such reports of intentions are likely influenced by the presence of the infant. Retrospectively reported intentions generally become more positive over time—for example, a smiling baby may result in a more positive recollection of past intentions.
Unwanted and mistimed pregnancies commonly represent different life-choice considerations. In contrast, mistimed pregnancies can occur throughout the reproductive years but are most common among adolescent and young adult women.Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file.
For assistance, please send e-mail to: [email protected] Accommodation and the title of the report in the subject line of e-mail.
Jun 23, · Abortion was once simply part of life in the United States. Then, for about years, it was illegal. How we got there and got to where we are now may surprise you. Scores on direct measures of racial prejudice have declined steadily over the past 60 years, yet racial disparities still exist in the United States.
Good morning Chairman Graham, Vice-Chairman Shelby and members of the committee. I am Dale Watson, the Executive Assistant Director of the FBI over counterterrorism and counterintelligence.
of the United States of America—Analysis and Inter-pretation, published as Senate Document Numbered 39, Eighty-eighth Congress (referred to hereinafter as meaning of those rights would prove revolutionary.
The apportionment-districting decisions abortion as a constitutionally protected liberty was unheralded. And with respect to the. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a "What philosophers have lately come to accept as analysis of the concept of a person is not actually Susan Bordo has suggested that the focus on the issue of personhood in abortion debates has often been a means for depriving women.